If you would understand anything, observe its beginning and its development.
The misanthrope, as an essentially solitary man, is not a man at all he must be a beast or a god.
Temperance is a mean with regard to pleasures.
As for the story, whether the poet takes it ready made or constructs it for himself, he should first sketch its general outline, and then fill in the episodes and amplify in detail.
Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim.
Dignity does not consist in possessing honors, but in deserving them.
Teachers, who educate children, deserve more honor than parents, who merely gave them birth; for the latter provided mere life, while the former ensured a good life.
All Earthquakes and Disasters are warnings; there's too much corruption in the world.
The ideal man takes joy in doing favors for others.
The basis of a democratic state is liberty.
There was never a genius without a tincture of madness.
What is common to many is least taken care of, for all men have greater regard for what is their own than what they possess in common with others.
The avarice of mankind is insatiable.
The least initial deviation from the truth is multiplied later a thousandfold.
The vices respectively fall short of or exceed what is right in both passions and actions, while virtue both finds and chooses that which is intermediate.
Some vices miss what is right because they are deficient, others because they are excessive, in feelings or in actions, while virtue finds and chooses the mean.
People become house builders through building houses, harp players through playing the harp. We grow to be just by doing things which are just.
Liars when they speak the truth are not believed.
A likely impossibility is always preferable to an unconvincing possibility.
If men are given food, but no chastisement nor any work, they become insolent.
Man is a goal-seeking animal. His life only has meaning if he is reaching out and striving for his goals.
But also philosophy is not about perceptible substances they, you see, are prone to destruction.
Cruel is the strife of brothers.
These virtues are formed in man by his doing the actions ... The good of man is a working of the soul in the way of excellence in a complete life.
It is well said, then, that it is by doing just acts that the just man is produced, and by doing temperate acts the temperate man; without doing these no one would have even a prospect of becoming good.
The complete man must work, study and wrestle.
We do not act rightly because we have virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly.
Refraining from pleasure cultivates temperance, and it is through temperance that we can abstain from pleasure.
Virtue is the golden mean between two vices, the one of excess and the other of deficiency.
It is not easy for a person to do any great harm when his tenure of office is short, whereas long possession begets tyranny.
Happiness is essentially perfect; so that the happy man requires in addition the goods of the body, external goods and the gifts of fortune, in order that his activity may not be impeded through lack of them.
Excellence is an art won by training and habituation.
Equity is that idea of justice which contravenes the written law.
Where your talents and the needs of the world cross; there lies your vocation.
Good habits formed at youth make all the difference.
It is a part of probability that many improbable things will happen.
The habits we form from childhood make no small difference, but rather they make all the difference.
The true end of tragedy is to purify the passions.
To give a satisfactory decision as to the truth it is necessary to be rather an arbitrator than a party to the dispute.
The aim of art is to represent not the outward appearance of things, but their inward significance.
All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reason, passion, and desire.
The female is, as it were, a mutilated male, and the catamenia are semen, only not pure; for there is only one thing they have not in them, the principle of soul.
Teenagers these days are out of control. They eat like pigs, they are disrespectful of adults, they interrupt and contradict their parents, and they terrorize their teachers.
Man is by nature a political animal.
Democracy arose from men's thinking that if they are equal in any respect, they are equal absolutely.
People of superior refinement and of active disposition identify happiness with honour; for this is roughly speaking, the end of political life.
No one loves the man whom he fears.
Art completes what nature cannot bring to finish. The artist gives us knowledge of nature's unrealized ends.
The state comes into existence for the sake of life and continues to exist for the sake of good life.
Patience is so like fortitude that she seems either her sister or her daughter.
We praise a man who feels angry on the right grounds and against the right persons and also in the right manner at the right moment and for the right length of time.
Good moral character is not something that we can achieve on our own. We need a culture that supports the conditions under which self-love and friendship flourish.
Happiness is the meaning and purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.
It will contribute towards one's object, who wishes to acquire a facility in the gaining of knowledge, to doubt judiciously.
A sense is what has the power of receiving into itself the sensible forms of things without the matter, in the way in which a piece of wax takes on the impress of a signet-ring without the iron or gold.
The line between lawful and unlawful abortion will be marked by the fact of having sensation and being alive.
When there is no middle class, and the poor greatly exceed in number, troubles arise, and the state soon comes to an end.
The antidote for fifty enemies is one friend.
No one would choose a friendless existence on condition of having all the other things in the world.
Happiness is thought to depend on leisure; for we are busy that we may have leisure, and make war that we may live in peace.
Men do not become tyrants in order that they may not suffer cold.
Where perception is, there also are pain and pleasure, and where these are, there, of necessity, is desire.
Every man should be responsible to others, nor should any one be allowed to do just as he pleases; for where absolute freedom is allowed, there is nothing to restrain the evil which is inherent in every man.
The appropriate age for marrige is around eighteen and thirty-seven for man.
Criticism is something we can avoid easily
by saying nothing, doing nothing,
and being nothing.
The life of money-making is one undertaken under compulsion, and wealth is evidently not the good we are seeking; for it is merely useful and for the sake of something else.
The citizens begin by giving up some part of the constitution, and so with greater ease the government change something else which is a little more important, until they have undermined the whole fabric of the state.
Death is evil. So the gods decided.
Otherwise they would die.
That in the soul which is called the mind is, before it thinks, not actually any real thing.
Praise invariably implies a reference to a higher standard.
Democracy is the form of government in which the free are rulers, and oligarchy in which the rich; it is only an accident that the free are the many and the rich are the few.
Experience has shown that it is difficult, if not impossible, for a populous state to be run by good laws.
The least initial deviation from the truth is multiplied later a thousandfold..
One who faces and who fears the right things and from the right motive, in the right way and at the right time, posseses character worthy of our trust and admiration.
Intuition is the source of scientific knowledge.
Meanness is more ingrained in man's nature than Prodigality; the mass of mankind are avaricious rather than open-handed.
It is clear that there is some difference between ends: some ends are energeia energy, while others are products which are additional to the energeia.
Whosoever is delighted in solitude is either a wild beast or a god.
Irrational passions would seem to be as much a part of human nature as is reason.
Democracy is the form of government in which the free are rulers.
Today you can start forming habits for overcoming all obstacles in life... even nicotine cravings.
It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.
For well-being and health, again, the homestead should be airy in summer, and sunny in winter. A homestead possessing these qualities would be longer than it is deep; and its main front would face the south.
The quality of life is determined by its activities.
The weak are always anxious for justice and equality. The strong pay no heed to either.
We should aim rather at leveling down our desires than leveling up our means.
Excellence or virtue in a man will be the disposition which renders him a good man and also which will cause him to perform his function well.
The greatest threat to the state is not faction but distraction.
And this lies in the nature of things: What people are potentially is revealed in actuality by what they produce.
But to be constantly asking ‘What is the use of it?' is unbecoming to those of broad vision and unworthy of free men.
God and nature create nothing that does not fulfill a purpose.
All food must be capable of being digested, and that what produces digestion is warmth; that is why everything that has soul in it possesses warmth.
Love is composed of a single soul inhabiting two bodies.
The ideal man bears the accidents of life with dignity and grace, making the best of circumstances.
Our actions determine our dispositions.
Education is the best provision for old age.
A good style must, first of all, be clear. It must not be mean or above the dignity of the subject. It must be appropriate.
The continuum is that which is divisible into indivisibles that are infinitely divisible.
In order to be effective you need not only virtue but also mental strength.
There is more both of beauty and of raison d'etre in the works of nature- than in those of art.
He who takes his fill of every pleasure ... becomes depraved; while he who avoids all pleasures alike ... becomes insensible.
In the human species at all events there is a great diversity of pleasures. The same things delight some men and annoy others, and things painful and disgusting to some are pleasant and attractive to others.
There is nothing unequal as the equal treatment of unequals.
The best friend is he that, when he wishes a person's good, wishes it for that person's own sake.
The greatest virtues are those which are most useful to other persons.
Youth is easily deceived because it is quick to hope.
In inventing a model we may assume what we wish, but should avoid impossibilities.
In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous.
For the lesser evil is reckoned a good in comparison with the greater evil, since the lesser evil is rather to be chosen than the greater. .
Men are good in but one way, but bad in many.
When you feel yourself lacking something, send your thoughts towards your Intimate and search for the Divinity that lives within you.
We do not act rightly because we have virtue or excellence. But they hesitate, waiting for the other fellow to make the first move-and he, in turn, waits for you.
Women should marry when they are about eighteen years of age, and men at seven and thirty; then they are in the prime of life, and the decline in the powers of both will coincide.
And yet the true creator is necessity, which is the mother of invention.
Hence poetry is something more philosophic and of graver import than history, since its statements are rather of the nature of universals, whereas those of history are singulars.
Both Self-restraint and Unrestraint are a matter of extremes as compared with the character of the mass of mankind; the restrained man shows more and the unrestrained man less steadfastness than most men are capable of.
All flatterers are mercenary, and all low-minded men are flatterers.
Those who are not angry at the things they should be angry at are thought to be fools, and so are those who are not angry in the right way, at the right time, or with the right persons.
Happiness is at once the best, the noblest, and the pleasantest of things.
Friendship is a single soul dwelling in two bodies.
The Law is Reason free from Passion.
Men acquire a particular quality by constantly acting in a particular way. We become just by performing just action, temperate by performing temperate actions, brave by performing brave action.
Wicked me obey from fear; good men,from love.
Piety requires us to honor truth above our friends.
The first principle of all action is leisure.
To enjoy the things we ought and to hate the things we ought has the greatest bearing on excellence of character.
Something is infinite if, taking it quantity by quantity, we can always take something outside.
Whosoever is delighted in solitude, is either a wild beast or a god.
Happiness is a quality of the soul…not a function of one's material circumstances.
We are what we do.
Excellence, therefore, is not an act, but a habit.
Therefore, the good of man must be the end of the science of politics.
Happiness is a state of activity.
The coward calls the brave man rash, the rash man calls him a coward.
He is his own best friend and takes delight in privacy whereas the man of no virtue or ability is his own worst enemy and is afraid of solitude.
The true nature of anything is what it becomes at its highest.
You ought not to fear that over which you have no control.
Where the needs of the world and your talents cross, there lies your vocation.
Anyone who has no need of anybody but himself is either a beast or a God.
But is it just then that the few and the wealthy should be the rulers? And what if they, in like manner, rob and plunder the people, -- is this just?
Those whose days are consumed in the low pursuits of avarice, or the gaudy frivolties of fashion, unobservant of nature's lovelinessof demarcation, nor on which side thereof an intermediate form should lie.
Inferiors revolt in order that they may be equal, and equals that they may be superior. Such is the state of mind which creates revolutions.
Republics decline into democracies and democracies degenerate into despotisms.
Envy is pain at the good fortune of others.
Happiness, then, is found to be something perfect and self-sufficient, being the end to which our actions are directed.
To be conscious that we are perceiving or thinking is to be conscious of our own existence.
The aim of the wise is not to secure pleasure, but to avoid pain.
We may assume the superiority ceteris paribus of the demonstration which derives from fewer postulates or hypotheses -- in short, from fewer premises.
We are what we repeatedly do... excellence, therefore, isn't just an act, but a habit and life isn't just a series of events, but an ongoing process of self-definition.
Time crumbles things; everything grows old under the power of Time and is forgotten through the lapse of Time.
Just as at the Olympic games it is not the handsomest or strongest men who are crowned with victory but the successful competitors, so in life it is those who act rightly who carry off all the prizes and rewards.
Personal beauty is a greater recommendation than any letter of reference.
Those that deem politics beneath their dignity are doomed to be governed by those of lesser talents.
A tragedy is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself ... with incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.
Nature does nothing in vain.
The law is reason, free from passion.
Quite often good things have hurtful consequences. There are instances of men who have been ruined by their money or killed by their courage.
As often as we do good, we offer sacrifices to God.
Between friends there is no need for justice, but people who are just still need the quality of friendship; and indeed friendliness is considered to be justice in the fullest sense.
Those who educate children well are more to be honored than they who produce them; for these only gave them life, those the art of living well.
Wishing to be friends is quick work, but friendship is a slow-ripening fruit.
The purpose of art is to represent the meaning of things. This represents the true reality, not external aspects.
The beauty of the soul shines out when a man bears with composure one heavy mischance after another, not because he does not feel them, but because he is a man of high and heroic temper.
The perversions are as follows: of royalty, tyranny; of aristocracy, oligarchy; of constitutional government, democracy.
To love someone is to identify with them.
The greater the length, the more beautiful will the piece be by reason of its size, provided that the whole be perspicuous." (VII).
Those who know, do. Those that understand, teach.
To give away money is an easy matter and in any man's power. But to decide to whom to give it, and how large and when, and for what purpose and how, is neither in every man's power nor an easy matter.
You are what you repeatedly do.
Men become richer not only by increasing their existing wealth but also by decreasing their expenditure.
The best things are placed between extremes.
It is the characteristic of the magnanimous man to ask no favor but to be ready to do kindness to others.
To give away money is an easy matter and in any man's power. But to decide to whom to give it and how large and when, and for what purpose and how, is neither in every man's power nor an easy matter.
Politicians also have no leisure, because they are always aiming at something beyond political life itself, power and glory, or happiness.
It is during our darkest moments that ew must focus to see the light.
Prudence as well as Moral Virtue determines the complete performance of a man's proper function: Virtue ensures the rightness of the end we aim at, Prudence ensures the rightness of the means we adopt to gain that end.
Every great genius has an admixture of madness.
So that the lover of myths, which are a compact of wonders, is by the same token a lover of wisdom.
Yellow-colored objects appear to be gold.
Yes the truth is that men's ambition and their desire to make money are among the most frequent causes of deliberate acts of injustice.
That which is impossible and probable is better than that which is possible and improbable.
The Good of man is the active exercise of his soul's faculties in conformity with excellence or virtue, or if there be several human excellences or virtues, in conformity with the best and most perfect among them.
Everything that depends on the action of nature is by nature as good as it can be, and similarly everything that depends on art or any rational cause, and especially if it depends on the best of all causes.
Wise people have an inward sense of what is beautiful, and the highest wisdom is to trust this intuition and be guided by it.
The least initial deviation from the truth is multiplied later a thousand fold.
This body is not a home, but an inn; and that only for a short time. Seneca Friendship is composed of a single soul inhabiting two bodies.
This world is inescapably linked to the motions of the worlds above. All power in this world is ruled by these options.
True happiness flows from the possession of wisdom and virtue and not from the possession of external goods.
The true friend of the people should see that they be not too poor, for extreme poverty lowers the character of the democracy.
Bashfulness is an ornament to youth, but a reproach to old age.
And it is characteristic of man that he alone has any sense of good and evil, of just and unjust, and the like, and the association of living beings who have this sense makes family and a state.
The misanthrope, as an essentially solitary man, is not a man at all: he must be a beast or a god.
The young are permanently in a state resembling intoxication.
Happiness depends upon ourselves.
We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, therefore, is not an act, but a habit.
For knowing is spoken of in three ways: it may be either universal knowledge or knowledge proper to the matter in hand or actualising such knowledge; consequently three kinds of error also are possible.
I have spoken, you have heard, you have the facts, judge.
Happiness depends on ourselves.
No one would choose a friendless existence on condition of having all other things in the world.
By myth I mean the arrangement of the incidents.
It is true, indeed, that the account Plato gives in 'Timaeus' is different from what he says in his so-called 'unwritten teachings.'
Irrational passions would seem to be as much a part of human nature as is reason.
Self-sufficiency is both a good and an absolute good.
Marriage is like retiring as a bachelor and getting a sexual pension. You don't have to work for the sex any more, but you only get 65% as much.
The soul suffers when the body is diseased or traumatized, while the body suffers when the soul is ailing.
The actuality of thought is life.
We must be neither cowardly nor rash but courageous.
Those who educate children well are more to be honored than they who produce them for these only gave them life, those the art of living well.
Virtue makes us aim at the right end, and practical wisdom makes us take the right means.
Education and morals make the good man, the good statesman, the good ruler.
The good of man is the active exercise of his souls faculties in conformity with excellence or virtue, or if there be several human excellences or virtues, in conformity with the best and most perfect among them.
Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity.
It is of the nature of desire not to be satisfied, and most men live only for the gratification of it.
Civil confusions often spring from trifles but decide great issues.
The angry man wishes the object of his anger to suffer in return; hatred wishes its object not to exist.
For as the eyes of bats are to the blaze of day, so is the reason in our soul to the things which are by nature most evident of all.
A courageous person is one who faces fearful things as he ought and as reason directs for the sake of what is noble.
Friends are an aid to the young, to guard them from error; to the elderly, to attend to their wants and to supplement their failing power of action; to those in the prime of life, to assist them to noble deeds.
It is not always the same thing to be a good man and a good citizen.
Goodness is to do good to the deserving and love the good and hate the wicked, and not to be eager to inflict punishment or take vengeance, but to be gracious and kindly and forgiving.
What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two bodies.
You will never do anything in the world without courage. It is the greatest quality of the mind next to honor.
A friend to all is a friend to none.
A proper wife should be as obedient as a slave... The female is a female by virtue of a certain lack of qualities -- a natural defectiveness.
Time past, even God is deprived of the power of recalling.
Wit is well-bred insolence.
A great city is not to be confounded with a populous one.
When the citizens at large administer the state for the common interest, the government is called by the generic name -- a constitution.
In revolutions the occasions may be trifling but great interest are at stake.
We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence then, is not an act, but a habit.
The soul becomes prudent by sitting and being quiet.
They who are to be judges must also be performers.
For imitation is natural to man from his infancy. Man differs from other animals particularly in this, that he is imitative, and acquires his rudiments of knowledge in this way; besides, the delight in it is universal.
Metaphysics is universal and is exclusively concerned with primary substance. And here we will have the science to study that which is, both in its essence and in the properties which it has.
A life of wealth and many belongings is only a means to happiness. Honor, power, and success cannot be happiness because they depend on the whims of others, and happiness should be self-contained, complete in itself.
No excellent soul is exempt from a mixture of madness.
What is a friend? A single sould dwelling in two bodie.
Political society exists for the sake of noble actions, and not of mere companionship.
for desire is like a wild beast, and anger perverts rulers and the very best of men. Hence law is intelligence without appetition.
It is no part of a physician's business to use either persuasion or compulsion upon the patients.
A fool contributes nothing worth hearing and takes offense at everything.
Misfortune shows those who are not really friends.
The end of this science (ethics) is not knowledge but action.
It is the mark of an educated man to look for precision in each class of things just so far as the nature of the subject admits.
Anything whose presence or absence makes no discernible difference is no essential part of the whole.
Education begins at the level of the learner.
Friendship also seems to be the bond that hold communities together.
To appreciate the beauty of a snowflake it is necessary to stand out in the cold.
A good character carries with it the highest power of causing a thing to be believed.
A true friend is one soul in two bodies.
It is also in the interests of the tyrant to make his subjects poor... the people are so occupied with their daily tasks that they have no time for plotting.
It is not once nor twice but times without number that the same ideas make their appearance in the world.
The character which results from wealth is that of a prosperous fool.
There is also a doubt as to what is to be the supreme power in the state: -- Is it the multitude? Or the wealthy? Or the good? Or the one best man? Or a tyrant?
Music directly represents the passions of the soul. If one listens to the wrong kind of music, he will become the wrong kind of person.
The right constitutions, three in number- kingship, aristocracy, and polity- and the deviations from these, likewise three in number -- tyranny from kingship, oligarchy from aristocracy, democracy from polity.
Each human being is bred with a unique set of potentials that yearn to be fulfilled as surely as the acorn yearns to become the oak within it.
Since the things we do determine the character of life, no blessed person can become unhappy. For he will never do those things which are hateful and petty.
Obstinate people can be divided into the opinionated, the ignorant, and the boorish.
The best way to teach morality is to make it a habit with children.
Personal beauty requires that one should be tall; little people may have charm and elegance, but beauty-no.
Of all the varieties of virtues, liberalism is the most beloved.
He who confers a benefit on anyone loves him better than he is beloved.
Inferiors revolt in order that they may be equal, and equals that they may be superior. Such is the state of mind which creates revolutions.
If the hammer and the shuttle could move themselves, slavery would be unnecessary.
In educating the young we steer them by the rudders of pleasure and pain.
It is also in the interests of a tyrant to make his subjects poo...the people are so occupied with their daily tasks that they have no time for plotting.
Happiness is the settling of the soul into its most appropriate spot.
One swallow does not make a summer, neither does one fine day; similarly one day or brief time of happiness does not make a person entirely happy.
A person's life persuades better than his word.
Happiness does not lie in amusement; it would be strange if one were to take trouble and suffer hardship all one's life in order to amuse oneself.
The so-called Pythagoreans, who were the first to take up mathematics, not only advanced this subject, but saturated with it, they fancied that the principles of mathematics were the principles of all things.
For often, when one is asleep, there is something in consciousness which declares that what then presents itself is but a dream.
Courage is a mean with regard to fear and confidence.
Shame is an ornament of the young; a disgrace of the old.
Even hackneyed and commonplace maxims are to be used, if they suit one's purpose: just because they are commonplace, every one seems to agree with them, and therefore they are taken for truth.
Youth should stay away from all evil, especially things that produce wickedness and ill-will.
If every tool, when ordered, or even of its own accord, could do the work that befits it... then there would be no need either of apprentices for the master workers or of slaves for the lords.
Happiness is an expression of the soul in considered actions.
One can with but moderate possessions do what one ought.
The mathematical sciences particularly exhibit order symmetry and limitations; and these are the greatest forms of the beautiful.
For that which has become habitual, becomes as it were natural.
All art, all education, can be merely a supplement to nature.
Hope is a waking dream.
People generally despise where they flatter.
It makes no difference whether a good man has defrauded a bad man, or a bad man defrauded a good man, or whether a good or bad man has committed adultery: the law can look only to the amount of damage done.
Those who excel in virtue have the best right of all to rebel, but then they are of all men the least inclined to do so.
We are what we repeatedly do; excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.
If you see a man approaching with the obvious intent of doing you good, run for your life.
Consider pleasures as they depart, not as they come.
All persons ought to endeavor to follow what is right, and not what is established.
Bring your desires down to your present means. Increase them only when your increased means permit.
In making a speech one must study three points: first, the means of producing persuasion; second, the language; third the proper arrangement of the various parts of the speech.
No democracy can exist unless each of its citizens is as capable of outrage at injustice to another as he is of outrage at unjustice to himself.
In painting, the most brilliant colors, spread at random and without design, will give far less pleasure than the simplest outline of a figure.
But if nothing but soul, or in soul mind, is qualified to count, it is impossible for there to be time unless there is soul, but only that of which time is an attribute, i.e. if change can exist without soul.
Worms are the intestines of the earth.
A friend is a second self, so that our consciousness of a friend's existence...makes us more fully conscious of our own existence.
With respect to the requirement of art, the probable impossible is always preferable to the improbable possible.
Perhaps here we have a clue to the reason why royal rule used to exist formerly, namely the difficulty of finding enough men of outstanding virtue.
Neither by nature. then, nor contrary to nature do the virtues arise in us; nature gives us the capacity to receive them. and this capacity is brought to maturity by habit.
My best friend is the man who in wishing me well wishes it for my sake.
The educated differ from the uneducated as much as the living differ from the dead.
Bad men are full of repentance.
Friends are much better tried in bad fortune than in good.
Emotions of any kind can be evoked by melody and rhythm; therefore music has the power to form character.
Wit is educated insolence.
The only way to achieve true success is to express yourself completely in service to society.
I have gained this by philosophy … I do without being ordered what some are constrained to do by their fear of the law.
True happiness comes from gaining insight and growing into your best possible self. Otherwise all you're having is immediate gratification pleasure, which is fleeting and doesn't grow you as a person.
Courage is the first of human virtues because it makes all others possible.
Conscientious and careful physicians allocate causes of disease to natural laws, while the ablest scientists go back to medicine for their first principles.
Every rascal is not a thief, but every thief is a rascal.
Prosperity makes friends and adversity tries them. A true friend is one soul in two bodies.
Every virtue is a mean between two extremes, each of which is a vice.
The virtue of justice consists in moderation, as regulated by wisdom.
He who hath many friends hath none.
He then alone will strictly be called brave who is fearless of a noble death, and of all such chances as come upon us with sudden death in their train.
All teaching and all intellectual learning come about from already existing knowledge.
At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst.
Shipping magnate of the 20th century If women didn't exist, all the money in the world would have no meaning.
It is simplicity that makes the uneducated more effective than the educated when addressing popular audiences.
How many a dispute could have been deflated into a single paragraph if the disputants had dared to define their terms.
If happiness, then, is activity expressing virtue, it is reasonable for it to express the supreme virtue, which will be the virtueof the best thing.
The only stable principle of government is equality according to proportion, and for every man to enjoy his own.
This element, the seat of the appetites and of desire in general, does in a sense participate in principle, as being amenable and obedient to it.
For through wondering human beings now and in the beginning have been led to philosophizing.
The greatest injustices proceed from those who pursue excess, not by those who are driven by necessity.
Justice therefore demands that no one should do more ruling than being ruled, but that all should have their turn.
Whatsoever that be within us that feels, thinks, desires, and animates, is something celestial, divine, and, consequently, imperishable.
Poetry is finer and more philosophical than history; for poetry expresses the universal, and history only the particular.
Find the good. Seek the Unity. Ignore the divisions among us.
Nature does nothing uselessly.
Money was established for exchange, but interest causes it to be reproduced by itself. Therefore this way of earning money is greatly in conflict with the natural law.
The seat of the soul and the control of voluntary movement -- in fact, of nervous functions in general, -- are to be sought in the heart. The brain is an organ of minor importance.
Music has a power of forming the character, and should therefore be introduced into the education of the young.
Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.
Wicked men obey out of fear. good men, out of love.
The best political community is formed by citizens of the middle class.
For what is the best choice for each individual is the highest it is possible for him to achieve.
Some believe it to be just friends wanting, as if to be healthy enough to wish health.
First, have a definite, clear practical ideal; a goal, an objective. Second, have the necessary means to achieve your ends; wisdom, money, materials, and methods. Third, adjust all your means to that end.
We must as second best, as people say, take the least of the evils.
The real difference between democracy and oligarchy is poverty and wealth. Wherever men rule by reason of their wealth, whether they be few or many, that is an oligarchy, and where the poor rule, that is a democracy.
The soul is characterized by these capacities; self-nutrition, sensation, thinking, and movement.
Without friends no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods.
For we are inquiring not in order to know what virtue is, but in order to become good, since otherwise our inquiry would have been of no use.
For though we love both the truth and our friends, piety requires us to honor the truth first.
With the truth, all given facts harmonize; but with what is false, the truth soon hits a wrong note.
The happy life is thought to be one of excellence; now an excellent life requires exertion, and does not consist in amusement.
There is no such thing as committing adultery with the right woman, at the right time, and in the right way, for it is simply WRONG.
Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life.
Accordingly, the poet should prefer probable impossibilities to improbable possibilities. The tragic plot must not be composed of irrational parts.
A flatterer is a friend who is your inferior, or pretends to be so.
If, therefore, there is any one superior in virtue and in the power of performing the best actions, him we ought to follow and obey, but he must have the capacity for action as well as virtue.
And, speaking generally, passion seems not to be amenable to reason, but only to force.
He overcomes a stout enemy who overcomes his own anger.
It is accepted as democratic when public offices are allocated by lot; and as oligarchic when they are filled by election. -- Aristotle, Politics, Book IV.
It was through the feeling of wonder that men now and at first began to philosophize.
Where the laws are not supreme, there demagogues spring up.
It is of itself that the divine thought thinks (since it is the most excellent of things), and its thinking is a thinking on thinking.
There is honor in being a dog.
The best way to avoid envy is to deserve the success you get.
A common danger unites even the bitterest enemies.
To seek for utility everywhere is entirely unsuited to men that are great-souled and free.
I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who conquers his enemies, for the hardest victory is over self.
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
Learning is not child's play; we cannot learn without pain.
What lies in our power to do, it lies in our power not to do.
We become just by performing just action, temperate by performing temperate actions, brave by performing brave action.
Be a free thinker and don't accept everything you hear as truth. Be critical and evaluate what you believe in.
The guest will judge better of a feast than the cook.
No one will dare maintain that it is better to do injustice than to bear it.
Democracy arose from men's thinking that if they are equal in any respect they are equal absolutely.
A line is not made up of points. ... In the same way, time is not made up parts considered as indivisible 'nows.' Part of Aristotle's reply to Zeno's paradox concerning continuity.
The man who confers a favour would rather not be repaid in the same coin.
It is their character indeed that makes people who they are. But it is by reason of their actions that they are happy or the reverse.
You will never do anything in this world without courage. It is the greatest quality of the mind next to honor.
When people are friends, they have no need of justice, but when they are just, they need friendship in addition.
The good of man is the active exercise of his soul's faculties. This exercise must occupy a complete lifetime. One swallow does make a spring, nor does one fine day. Excellence is a habit, not an event.
The student of politics therefore as well as the psychologist must study the nature of the soul.
In the perfect state the good man is absolutely the same as the good citizen; whereas in other states the good citizen is only good relatively to his own form of government.
Democracy is when the indigent, and not the men of property, are the rulers.
We make war that we may live in peace.
Freedom is obedience to self-formulated rules.
It is evidently equally foolish to accept probable reasoning from a mathematician and to demand from a rhetorician demonstrative proofs.
Friendship is two souls inhabiting one body.
To Unlearn is as hard as to Learn.
The generality of men are naturally apt to be swayed by fear rather than reverence, and to refrain from evil rather because of the punishment that it brings than because of its own foulness.
To appreciate the beauty of a snow flake, it is necessary to stand out in the cold.
It is best to rise from life as from a banquet, neither thirsty nor drunken.
Even when laws have been written down, they ought not always to remain unaltered.
Thou wilt find rest from vain fancies if thou doest every act in life as though it were thy last.
Men acquire a particular quality by constantly acting a particular way... you become just by performing just actions, temperate by performing temperate actions, brave by performing brave actions.
Mothers are fonder than fathers of their children because they are more certain they are their own.
I have gained this by philosophy: that I do without being commanded what others do only from fear of the law.
A good man may make the best even of poverty and disease, and the other ills of life; but he can only attain happiness under the opposite conditions.
Character is that which reveals moral purpose, exposing the class of things a man chooses or avoids.
Ancient laws remain in force long after the people have the power to change them.
Life is full of chances and changes, and the most prosperous of men may in the evening of his days meet with great misfortunes.
Let us be well persuaded that everyone of us possesses happiness in proportion to his virtue and wisdom, and according as he acts in obedience to their suggestion.
A government which is composed of the middle class more nearly approximates to democracy than to oligarchy, and is the safest of the imperfect forms of government.
The high-minded man must care more for the truth than for what people think.
Nature of man is not what he was born as, but what he is born for.
Fate of empires depends on the education of youth.
And of course, the brain is not responsible for any of the sensations at all. The correct view is that the seat and source of sensation is the region of the heart.
A body in motion can maintain this motion only if it remains in contact with a mover.
Masculine republics give way to feminine democracies, and feminine democracies give way to tyranny.
Between husband and wife friendship seems to exist by nature, for man is naturally disposed to pairing.
No man of high and generous spirit is ever willing to indulge in flattery; the good may feel affection for others, but will not flatter them.
A statement is persuasive and credible either because it is directly self-evident or because it appears to be proved from other statements that are so.
We must no more ask whether the soul and body are one than ask whether the wax and the figure impressed on it are one.
Greed has no boundaries.
To be always seeking after the useful does not become free and exalted souls.
We cannot ... prove geometrical truths by arithmetic.
All proofs rest on premises.
Poetry demands a man with a special gift for it, or else one with a touch of madness in him.
It is Homer who has chiefly taught other poets the art of telling lies skillfully.
Evil draws men together.
Happiness is prosperity combined with virtue.
Equality is of two kinds, numerical and proportional; by the first I mean sameness of equality in number or size; by the second, equality of ratios.
Happiness is self-connectedness.
Happiness is an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue.
Such an event is probable in Agathon's sense of the word: 'it is probable,' he says, 'that many things should happen contrary to probability.'
Tragedy is a representation of action that is worthy of serious attention, complete in itself and of some magnitude bringing about by means of pity and fear the purging of such emotions.
Prayers and sacrifices are of no avail.
The vigorous are no better than the lazy during one half of life, for all men are alike when asleep.
He who is unable to live in society, or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself, must be either a beast or a god.
Any polis which is truly so called, and is not merely one in name, must devote itself to the end of encouraging goodness. Otherwise, political association sinks into a mere alliance.
The goal of war is peace, of business, leisure.
Rising before daylight is also to be commended; it is a healthy habit, and gives more time for the management of the household as well as for liberal studies.
For pleasure is a state of soul, and to each man that which he is said to be a lover of is pleasant.
The end of labor is to gain leisure.
The one exclusive sign of thorough knowledge is the power of teaching.
It is the repeated performance of just and temperate actions that produces virtue.
Where it is in our power to act, it is also in our power to not act.
The high-minded man does not bear grudges, for it is not the mark of a great soul to remember injuries, but to forget them.
While those whom devotion to abstract discussions has rendered unobservant of the facts are too ready to dogmatize on the basis of a few observations.
All men by nature desire to know. An indication of this is the delight we take in our senses; for even apart from their usefulness they are loved for themselves.
The body is at its best between the ages of thirty and thirty-five.
Quality is not an act, it is a habit.
All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth.
He who has never learned to obey cannot be a good commander.
Evidence from torture may be considered completely untrustworthy.
Men regard it as their right to return evil for evil and, if they cannot, feel they have lost their liberty.
Neither old people nor sour people seem to make friends easily; for there is little that is pleasant in them.
The rattle is a toy suited to the infant mind, and education is a rattle or toy for children of larger growth.
The principle aim of gymnastics is the education of all youth and not simply that minority of people highly favored by nature.
A period may be defined as a portion of speech that has in itself a beginning and an end, being at the same time not too big to be taken in at a glance.
What the statesman is most anxious to produce is a certain moral character in his fellow citizens, namely a disposition to virtue and the performance of virtuous actions.
Victory is plesant, not only to those who love to conquer, bot to all; for there is produced an idea of superiority, which all with more or less eagerness desire.
Purpose ... is held to be most closely connected with virtue, and to be a better token of our character than are even our acts.
It is clearly better that property should be private, but the use of it common; and the special business of the legislator is to create in men this benevolent disposition.
If some animals are good at hunting and others are suitable for hunting, then the Gods must clearly smile on hunting.
He who has overcome his fears will truly be free.
What is the essence of life? To serve others and to do good.
A constitution is the arrangement of magistracies in a state.
The ideal man is his own best friend and takes delight in privacy.
Metaphor is halfway between the unintelligible and the commonplace.
I have gained this from philosophy: that I do without being commanded what others do only from fear of the law.
All virtue is summed up in dealing justly.
Inequality is everywhere at the bottom of faction, for in general faction arises from men's striving for what is equal.
A bad man can do a million times more harm than a beast.
The energy of the mind is the essence of life.
The hardest victory is the victory over self.
It is unbecoming for young men to utter maxims.
The greatest victory is over self.
Law is mind without reason.