That's a large part of the source of the gun culture. You have to have a gun when you go into Starbucks, because who knows what's going to happen. It just doesn't happen in other countries.
I wouldn't say that the efforts of academics to critique the media's messages are "half-hearted." As far as I am aware, the efforts scarcely exist: very few even pay attention to the question.
Cuba has become a symbol of courageous resistance to attack. Since 1959, Cuba has been under attack from the hemispheric superpower.
By 1960, the South Africans knew that they were becoming a pariah state.
Women didn't have rights. Under British common law, women were property.
It is the responsibility of intellectuals to speak the truth and expose lies.
Pakistan will never be able to match the Indian militarily and the effort to do so is taking an immense toll on the society. It's also extremely dangerous with all the weapons development.
Wikileaks is a democratizing force. Its giving individuals access to decisions and thinking by their representatives and in a democracy that ought to be reflexive.
The childcare tax credit makes some sense.
Take the Iraq War,it's the second worst crime after the Second World War. It's the first time in history, in the history of imperialism, there were huge demonstrations, before the war was officially launched.
The labor movement had been pretty much killed in the 1920s, almost destroyed. It revived in the 1930s and made a huge difference. By the late 1930s the business world was already trying to find ways to beat it back.
Hypocrites are those who apply to others the standards that they refuse to accept for themselves.
There's a good reason why nobody studies history, it just teaches you too much.
A language is not just words. It's a culture, a tradition, a unification of a community, a whole history that creates what a community is. It's all embodied in a language.
People are dangerous. If they're able to involve themselves in issues that matter, they may change the distribution of power, to the detriment of those who are rich and privileged.
It's fine to criticize somebody else's crimes and misdeeds, but you don't talk about your own. The only exception is a country that is defeated. And even that is rather nuanced.
If the mutation is partially transmitted to offspring, they too would have the advantage. And over time it might have come to dominate a small breeding group.
Peace is preferable to war. But it's not an absolute value, and so we always ask, "What kind of peace?
When George W. Bush came into office, North Korea had maybe one nuclear weapon and verifiably wasn't producing any more.
It's a near miracle that nuclear war has so far been avoided.
The worst drug of all by far is tobacco; the death toll from tobacco is just overwhelming.
These are questions for action, not speculation, which is idle.
You never need an argument against the use of violence, you need an argument for it.
Technologies can be liberating, but it can also be a tool of coercion and control.
Judge Afiuni has suffered enough. She has been subject to acts of violence and humiliations to undermine her human dignity. I am convinced that she must be set free.
Anarchists try to identify power structures. They urge those exercising power to justify themselves. This justification does not succeed most of the time.
My intellectual achievement was retarded when I went to high school. I sort of sank into a black hole because I had to go to the high-achieving, academic public high school.
Anarchism means all sort of things to different people, but the traditional anarchists' movements assumed that there'd be a highly organized society, just one organized from below with direct participation and so on.
In the late 1960s, the masses were supposed to be passive, not entering into the public arena and having their voices heard.
The criminalization of Black life was something specific to the United States in the post-Reconstruction period and there's something like it happening today with mass incarceration, directed largely against black males.
Democracy, in any rational form, also imposes conditions on majority rule. That's what the Bill of Rights is about, for example.
Workers and their families may starve to death in the New World Order of economic rationality, but diamond necklaces are cheaper in elegant New York shops, thanks to the miracle of the market.
How it is we have so much information, but know so little?
The Bible is one of the most genocidal books in history.
The U.S. increasingly has taken on the characteristics of what we describe as 'failed states.'
Part of the population of Laos lives in urban centers, Vientiane being the largest.
A dramatic, evocative, thoughtful and very accessible account of one of the most important stories of the century -- and one of the most ominous, unless citizens are aroused to action to rein in abusive state power.
I had no expectations about Barack Obama and I'm not in the least disillusioned.
Withdrawal of American troops must be a unilateral act, as the invasion of Vietnam by the American government was a unilateral act in the first place.
Among all grammars meeting this condition (of adequacy), we select the simplest.
Washington still refuses to provide evidence to support the claims in 1990 that a huge Iraqi military build-up on the Saudi border justified war.
I don't usually admire Sarah Palin, but when she was making fun of this 'hopey changey stuff,' she was right: there was nothing there.
After my first year of college, each course I took in every field was so boring that I didn't even go to the classes.
I'm about as monolingual as you come, but nevertheless, I have a variety of different languages at my command, different styles, different ways of talking, which do involve different parameter settings.
If you destroyed half the pharmaceutical production in the United States, we'd think it's a pretty serious problem. In fact, we'd probably go to war.
No sane human being devotes 100% of his or her life to political activism.
In my experience at least, the large public universities do not fall behind in fostering creativity and independence; often the contrary.
We shouldn't be looking for heroes, we should be looking for good ideas.
That is Edward Said proposal as to how the term should be used. It surely does not describe those who are called "intellectuals" in standard usage, as he would be the first to agree.
I've been interested in Japan since the 1930s, when I read about Japan's vicious crimes in Manchuria and China.
Haitian rice farmers are quite efficient, but they can't compete with U.S. agribusiness that relies on a huge government subsidy, thanks to Ronald Reagan's free market enthusiasms.
I do not feel that we should set up people as "models"; rather actions, thoughts, principles.
There's never been anything like the so-called Vietnam Syndrome: it's mostly a fabrication.
The point of advertising is to destroy markets.
One commonly hears that carping critics complain about what is wrong, but do not present solutions. There is an accurate translation for that charge: 'They present solutions, but I don't like them.
Latin America is all moving to the left, from Venezuela to Argentina with rare exceptions, but there's a good left and a bad left.
Anyone in a position to overcome barriers to free thought and communication should do so.
An individual's refusal to carry out the criminal acts of his government sets the stage, in the most effective way possible, for the attempt to demonstrate the criminal nature of these acts.
Moral cowardice and intellectual corruption are the natural concomitants of unchallenged privilege.
The US is to an unusual extent a business-run society, where short-term concerns of profit and market share displace rational planning.
U.S. analysts estimate that Russian military expenditures have tripled during the Bush-Putin years, in large measure a predicted reaction to the Bush administration's militancy and aggressiveness.
Should a community... be free to enact legislation to say they don't want blacks? Now that's illegal. Fifty years ago it was legal. Is that progress or is that regress?
History shows that, more often than not, loss of sovereignty leads to liberalisation imposed in the interests of the powerful.
Washington basically works for the corporate sector and Silicon Valley, technically at least, is suppose to sponsor initiative in creativity, whether it does or not is another question.
On abortion: We are talking about ambiguous issues of a complicated kind where you have to balance conflicting interests and concerns.
The UN to some extent diffuses U.S. power. Therefore it's less direct an agency of the United States than the U.S. Army is. But still, it can't escape the distribution of power in the world.
I think that has a lot of dangers, as does government surveillance, which is way too high.
The probability of apocalypse soon cannot be realistically estimated, but it is surely too high for any sane person to contemplate with equanimity.
Jean Kirkpatrick is the chief sadist-in-residence of the Reagan Administration.
The escalation to attack undefended civilian targets is just a classic illustration of terrorism.
With government deregulation and the triumph of financial liberalization, the dangers of systemic risks, the possibility of a financial tsunami, sharply increased.
Armed attack has a definition in international law. It means sudden, overwhelming, instantaneous ongoing attack.
The United States happens to be the only state in the world that has been condemned by the World Court for international terrorism.
If you are giving a graduate course you don't try to impress the students with oratory, you try to challenge them, get them to question you.
The Pashtuns in particular are kind of trapped. They've never accepted the Durand Line nor has any Afghan government historically accepted it.
There's an interesting book called The Fugu Plan, written by Marvin Tokayer and Mary Swartz, which describes the circumstances when European Jews came to Japan, a semi-feudal society.
America is a very fundamentalist society. It's like Iran in the degree of fanatic religious commitment.
Pakistan is not a unified country.
Pakistan is not a unified country. In large parts of the country, the state is regarded as a Punjabi state, not their (the people's) state.
When secular figures are turned into divinities, they way they are in Peian Yang or Stanford University -- that I don't like.
But on the contrary Wikileaks is under heavy attack by the government and corporations are participating in that by closing down their websites.
The powerful are self-immunized from even inquiry, let alone punishment for their crimes.
The Occupy movement is -- it was a big surprise.
All forms of involuntary servitude are prohibited, not only slavery but also conscription, forced association, and forced welfare distribution.
Workers in different countries can easily be played off against each other.
We have to be a little cautious about not trying to kill a gnat with an atom bomb. The performances are so utterly absurd regarding the "post-truth" moment that the proper response might best be ridicule.
If you're teaching, say, physics, there's no point in persuading a student that you're right. You want to encourage them to find out what the truth is, which is probably that you're wrong.
Government actually grew during the Reagan years.
The structure of language determines not only thought, but reality itself.
Discovery is the ability to be puzzled by simple things.
Hamas is a political party and political parties don't recognize other countries.
Don't be obsessed with tactics but with purpose. Tactics have a half life.
Organization and education, when they interact with each other, they strengthen each other, they are mutually supportive.
It is true that classical libertarian thought is opposed to state intervention in social life, as a consequence of deeper assumptions about the human need for liberty, diversity, and free association.
Right after the assassination of Osama bin Laden, amid all the cheers and applause, there were a few critical comments questioning the legality of the act.
In fact, there is a very close correlation between human rights violations and US aid, particularly in Latin America.
As soon as questions of will or decision or reason or choice of action arise, human science is at a loss.
The responsibility of the writer as a moral agent is to try to bring the truth about matters of human significance to an audience that can do something about them.
The United States is unusual among the industrial democracies in the rigidity of the system of ideological control -- 'indoctrination', we might say -- exercised through the mass media.
Guantanamo is still open, but it's unlikely that serious torture is going on at Guantanamo. There is just too much inspection.
As a research tool, the internet is invaluable.
Quite generally, international affairs have more than a slight resemblance to the Mafia. The Godfather does not take it lightly when he is crossed, even by a small storekeeper.
That's the whole point of good propaganda. You want to create a slogan that nobody's going to be against, and everybody's going to be for. Nobody knows what it means, because it doesn't mean anything.
I don't see anything that's come out on WikiLeaks that was a legitimate secret.
The freer the society gets, the more dangerous the great beast becomes and the more you have to be careful to cage it somehow.
There are very few people who are going to look into the mirror and say, 'That person I see is a savage monster;' instead, they make up some construction that justifies what they do.
Sooner or later, jihadist-style terror and WMD are going to come together and the consequences could be horrendous.
The more privilege you have, the more opportunity you have. The more opportunity you have, the more responsibility you have.
What's the point of being better than someone else?
I don't have any oratory skills. But I would not use them if I had.
I've occasionally been asked to talk on Israel-Palestine. Sometimes it works, and sometimes it elicits hysteria in the community.
The worst terrorist crimes going on right now are the drone campaigns.
My speculation is that the U.S. does not want to establish the principle that it has to defer to some higher authority before carrying out the use of violence.
Colombia is potentially a very wealthy country. It has tremendous resources, but its wealth is highly concentrated. Most of the population lives in misery, which has led to violent confrontation throughout the century.
The poorest country in South America, Bolivia, had been devastated by neoliberal economic policies.
Governments will use whatever technology is available to combat their primary enemy -- their own population.
I listen to talk radio a lot and it's kind of interesting. If you can sort of suspend your knowledge of the world and just enter into the world of the people who are calling in, you can understand them.
The appropriate response to terrorist crimes is police work, which has been successful worldwide.
I don't want followers.
The 14th Amendment was recognized right away to be problematic. The concept of person was both too narrow and too broad, and the courts went to work to overcome both of those flaws.
If we choose, we can live in a world of comforting illusion.
The reason academic disputes are so vicious is that so little is at stake.
If we don't believe in free expression for people we despise, we don't believe in it at all.
Victors do not investigate their own crimes, so that little is known about them.
Popular support for alternative energy has been very high for years. But it harms corporate profits.
I don't think that the United States cares. They just assume that North Korea will soon have nuclear weapons.
If something is repeated over and over as obvious, the chances are that it is obviously false.
Latin America wants to decriminalize at least marijuana (maybe more or course;) the US wants to maintain it. An interesting story. There seems to me no easy way out of this.
Hume's paradox does hold: power is in the hands of the governed. If they refuse to accept it, you're in trouble, no matter how many guns you have.
Suppose that we believe what we are taught... destroying the environment and militarizing outer space are rational policies ... of institutional lunacy.
I just don't care about popular culture. It looks to me pointless and superficial. If I had free time I'd rather read a 19th century novel.
Obama himself has been highly supportive of Mubarak.
The best defense against democracy is to distract people.
For business after WWII democracy means getting people to regard government as an alien force that's robbing them and oppressing them, not as their government. In a democracy it would be your government.
There's no more morality in world affairs, fundamentally, than there was at the time of Genghis Khan.
In fact, most of what they're calling crime is a kid caught with a joint in his pocket. Why do people think of that as the problem?
Isaiah Berlin described the intellectuals of Mikhail Bakunin's "Red bureaucracy" as a "secular priesthood.
Legalizing marijuana would make a lot of sense, I don't think there's a single case of marijuana overdose on record and tens of millions of users. It's much less dangerous than alcohol, for example.
If you give up every time you don't achieve the immediate gain you want, you're just guaranteeing that the worst is going to happen... You can't expect an easy victory after one protest march.
The printing press had a very liberatory effect that meant individuals -- small groups could produce radical pamphlets -- could use it for organizing.
It is probable that the
most inhuman monsters, even the Himmlers and the Mengeles, convince themselves that they are
engaged in noble and courageous acts.
The truth is, I have absolutely no professional credentials -- literally, which is why I'm teaching at MIT.
After Vietnam the type of interventions that are carried out are designed so as not to elicit public reactions.
In many respects, the United States is a great country. Freedom of speech is protected more than in any other country. It is also a very free society.
Its true that contemporary technology permits decentralization, it also permits centralization. It depends on how you use the technology.
I see no anti-Semitic implications in denial of the existence of gas chambers, or even denial of the Holocaust.
Real schools ought to provide people with techniques of self-defense, but that would mean teaching the truth about the world and about the society, and schools couldn't survive very long if they did that.
Romania, which had the worst dictator in Eastern Europe, Ceausescu, he was a darling of the West. The United States and Britain loved him. He was supported until the last minute.
In this possibly terminal phase of human existence, democracy and freedom are more than just ideals to be valued -- they may be essential to survival.
It's designed to carry forward the neoliberal project to maximize profit and domination, and to set the working people in the world in competition with one another so as to lower wages to increase insecurity.
Another recollection is that Paul Johnson mostly kept away from ideas and dedicated activism, and concentrated on sex lives and other gossip.
Governments are not representative.
Governments are not representative. They have their own power, serving segments of the population that are dominant and rich.
I think we can be reasonably confident that if the American population had the slightest idea of what is being done in their name, they would be utterly appalled.
Where are the drug cartels getting their weapons? They are being provided by the United States. Cut off that flow of arms.
If you want to achieve something, you build the basis for it.
If you get to a point where the existing institutions will not bend to the popular will, you have to eliminate the institutions.
The internet could be a very positive step towards education, organisation and participation in a meaningful society.
Whether the person should then be called "an intellectual" seems to reduce the issue to a question of terminology.
The Vietnamese see their history as an unending series of struggles of resistance to aggression, by the Chinese, the Mongols, the Japanese, the French, and now the Americans.
If you take an economics or a political science course, you're taught that humans are supposed to be rational wealth accumulators, each acting as an individual to maximize his own wealth in the market.
The United States is off the international spectrum in religious extremism.
The uniformity and obedience of the media, which any dictator would admire.
The murder of Lumumba, in which the U.S. was involved, in the Congo destroyed Africa's major hope for development. Congo is now total horror story, for years.
The time to be political is not when you have parties and carnivals, it's kind of a show, the election. It affects something but not that much. And focusing all the attention on it is I think a mistake.
Governments regard their own citizens as their main enemy, and they have to be -- protect themselves. That's why you have state secret laws. Citizens are not supposed to know what their government is doing to them.
If the US were to attack North Korea, they'd certainly destroy North Korea, but South Korea would be pretty well wiped out too.
Barron and Paul...rely on 'specialists' at the State and Defense Departments...Elsewhere in the media, similiar figures are bandied about, with equal credibility.
Small changes can magnifiy. The possibility of interpersonal communication has increased substantially with contemporary technology. But as compared with the major changes, which were long ago, these are not huge.
Selfish-gene theory tells us nothing about the value of interacting through language.
If a child from an Amazonian hunter-gatherer tribe comes to Boston, is raised in Boston, that child will be indistinguishable in language capacities from my children growing up here, and vice versa.
The American Revolution was a small part of a major world war going on between France and England, so the French intervened and that was a big factor, but the domestic contribution was basically guerrilla warfare.
Now financial liberalization is just a catastrophe waiting to happen, and there are very well understood reasons for that.
From anti-semite to self-hating jew, all in one day.
Putting it in plain terms, the general public must be reduced to its traditional apathy and obedience, and driven from the arena of political debate and action, if democracy is to survive.
If you look back at the history of the twentieth century, Germany alone had practically destroyed Russia several times.
We are entering a period of human history that may provide an answer to the question of whether it is better to be smart than stupid.
Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.
That's the standard technique of privatization: defund, make sure things don't work, people get angry, you hand it over to private capital.
In the major state capitalists economies, Europe and the US, it's low growth and stagnation and a very sharp income differentiation a shift -- a striking shift -- from production to financialization.
All over the place, from the popular culture to the propaganda system, there is constant pressure to make people feel that they are helpless, that the only role they can have is to ratify decisions and to consume.
The threat is that the public will know what the government is up to. Any system of power is going to want to keep free from public surveillance, that's natural. Its shouldn't be but, its very natural.
Expressing criticism of society is not being a grouch.
Responsibility, I believe, accrues through privilege.
Responsibility I believe accrues through privilege. People like you and me have an unbelievable amount of privilege and therefore we have a huge amount of responsibility. We live in free societies where we are not afraid of the police; we have extraordinary wealth available to us by global standards. If you have those things, then you have the kind of responsibility that a person does not have if he or she is slaving seventy hours a week to put food on the table; a responsibility at the very least to inform yourself about power. Beyond that, it is a question of whether you believe in moral certainties or not.
As long as the general population is passive, apathetic, diverted to consumerism or hatred of the vulnerable, then the powerful can do as they please, and those who survive will be left to contemplate the outcome.
The IMF economists were doubtless shaken by the extreme failures of their prescriptions over many years, and by the collapse of the intellectual edifice of economic theory on which they were relying.
Its minority rule and majority limited rights. In fact it's set up that way. If you read the framers of the constitution, including James Madison, he was pretty clear about it.
How people themselves perceive what they are doing is not a question that interests me.
How people themselves perceive what they are doing is not a question that interests me. I mean, there are very few people who are going to look into the mirror and say, 'That person I see is a savage monster'; instead, they make up some construction that justifies what they do. If you ask the CEO of some major corporation what he does he will say, in all honesty, that he is slaving 20 hours a day to provide his customers with the best goods or services he can and creating the best possible working conditions for his employees. But then you take a look at what the corporation does, the effect of its legal structure, the vast inequalities in pay and conditions, and you see the reality is something far different.
I was never aware of any other option but to question everything.
The indoctrination is so deep that educated people think they're being objective.
I'm sorry to say it has some historical analogs. It's kind of reminiscent of what happened in Germany in the late Weimar years.
There is a considerable polarization taking place here, increasing the gap between rich and poor. It's most dramatic in Third World countries, of course, but in the rich countries it's also very noticeable.
The United States is unique among the rich countries, developed countries, in not having some kind of a national health-care system.
It could be -- and it has been argued, in my view rather plausibly, though neuroscientists don't like it -- that neuroscience for the last couple hundred years has been on the wrong track.
I don't think a Jewish or Christian or Islamic state is a proper concept. I would object to the United States as a Christian state.
The first scholarly edition of Magna Carta was published by the eminent jurist William Blackstone. It was not an easy task. There was no good text available.
The change between horse and buggy to automobile is a big change and there hasn't been a major change since.
The social system is taking on a form in which finding out what you want to do is less and less of an option because your life is too structured, organised, controlled and disciplined.
I have never heard of anyone who was a "model person" in all aspects of his or her life, intellectual life or other aspects; nor do I see why anyone should care. We are not engaged in idol worship, after all.
As long as nuclear weapons exist, the chances of survival of the human species are quite slight.
Colombia has been the leading western recipient of U.S. arms and training as violence has grown through the '90s.
Radical Islamist extremists surely hope that an attack on Iraq will kill many people and destroy much of the country, providing recruits for terrorist actions.
People seem to know about May Day everywhere except where it began, here in the United States of America. That's because those in power have done everything they can to erase its real meaning.
There is a social responsibility to take care of vulnerable people. It seems that a sensible social responsibility is obligatory education, but also decent education, and that is not happening.
A number of analysts have observed that although bin Laden was finally killed, he won some major successes in his war against the U.S.
I have never suggested any principled difference between the natural and social sciences.
Every wave of immigrants who came to America were treated pretty badly, but when they all finally became integrated, all of us became Anglo-Saxons.
These are fashionable people who call themselves philosophers.
If humans are organisms like every other organism -- which they are -- then we should expect that if there are some domains where real scientific progress is possible, then there are others where it is not.
The main selling appeal of NAFTA to US corporations is that it gives them an advantage in the North American market over their European and Japanese competitors.
Congressional Republicans are dismantling the limited environmental protections initiated by Richard Nixon, who would be something of a dangerous radical in today's political scene.
I'm pretty much out of popular culture altogether.
Students who acquire large debts putting themselves through school are unlikely to think about changing society. When you trap people in a system of debt, they can't afford the time to think.
People who criticize power in the Jewish community are regarded the way Ahab treated Elijah: You're a traitor.
Language is one component of the human cognitive capacity which happens to be fairly amenable to enquiry. So we know a good deal about that.
John Lewis Gaddis is not only the favorite historian of the Reagan administration, but he's regarded as the dean of Cold War scholarship, the leading figure in the American Cold War scholarship, a professor at Yale.
In any case, it is better to have some deal than no deal, but it's interesting that Obama picked the day of implementing of Iran deal to impose new sanctions on North Korea.
Should we even have the classification system? Why shouldn't these things be open? There are things you want to keep secret, like the characteristics of your latest fighter plane or something like that.
Personally, I am uneasy about the notion of "a politically engaged university," for reasons I wrote about over 30 years ago, at the height of protest and resistance (reprinted in For Reasons of State).
Another problem with the official definitions of terror is that it follows from them that the US is a leading terrorist state.
I think that we have basically nothing in the field of human behavior. Maybe that is just a condition of temporary ignorance. But it may be that we are simply not intellectually equipped to develop such a theory.
It's as if we're higher apes who had a language faculty inserted.
Governments don't control people like they used to.
I have known people who are working class or craftsmen, who happen to be more intellectual than professors.
If Palestinian Authority refuse to join the US-run negotiations, their basis for support would collapse. They survive on donations essentially. Israel has made sure that it's not a productive economy.
I don't know if I officially proofread my father's book, but I read it. I did get some conception of grammar in general from that.
Sectors of power are not going to favor the flourishing of dissidence.
The only justification for repressive institutions is material and cultural deficit. But such institutions, at certain stages of history, perpetuate and produce such a deficit, and even threaten human survival.
It cannot be too often stressed that Israel had no credible pretext for its 2008-9 attack on Gaza, with full U.S. support and illegally using U.S. weapons.
My proposal happens to be very mainstream.
Today's Democrats are pretty much what used to be called moderate Republicans a generation ago.
I think this country and the world would be far better off if the US is not an outlaw state.
The ideal is to create a completely fragmented atomized society where everybody is totally alone, doing nothing but trying to pursue created wants, and the wants are created.
Israelis would mostly breathe a sigh of relief if Palestinians were to disappear.
Language etches the grooves through which your thoughts must flow.
The majority of the population thinks that if the government runs healthcare, they're going to take away your freedom. At the same time, the public favors a national healthcare program.
Africa's a wreck and it's not because it was hit by an asteroid. It's a wreck largely because it was hit by Europe.
Isn't it interesting that eating a banana is somehow comical.
Today, aid to Colombia is given under the pretext of a drug war. That's pretty hard to take seriously. Ten years ago, Amnesty International flatly called it a myth.
Free speech has been used by the Supreme Court to give immense power to the wealthiest members of our society.
A basic principle of modern state capitalism is that costs and risks are socialized to the extent possible, while profit is privatized.
The Internet has compromised the quality of debate.
It is a virtual reflex for governments to plead security concerns when they undertake any controversial action, often as a pretext for something else.
Pre-emptive war might fall within the framework of international law.
Policy is largely set by economic elites and organized groups representing business interests with little concern for public attitudes or public safety, as long as the public remains passive and obedient.
If you care about other people, you might try to organize to undermine power and authority. That's not going to happen if you care only about yourself.
Since the civil war in Laos was resumed in earnest in 1963, American participation has been veiled in secrecy.
The elections are run by the same industries that sell toothpaste on television.
The elections are run by the same guys who sell toothpaste. They show you an image of a sports hero, or a sexy model, or a car going up a sheer cliff or something, which has nothing to do with the commodity, but it's intended to delude you into picking this one rather than another one.
If you want to become a biologist, it doesn't help to go into the Harvard biology library and all the information is there for you. You have to know what to look for and the internet is the same, just magnified.
Social Security is based on a principle. It's based on the principle that you care about other people. You care whether the widow across town, a disabled widow, is going to be able to have food to eat.
In fact, the capitalist class in the '50s was sort of part of a social contract. It was part of the tenor of the times.
The events of October 1962 are widely hailed as Kennedy's finest hour.
Anti-Americanism is a pure totalitarian concept. The very notion is idiotic.
For those who stubbornly seek freedom, there can be no more urgent task than to come to understand the mechanisms and practices of indoctrination.
There are many concepts of spirituality, among them, various notions of divinity developed in the Judaeo-Christian-Islamic religions. Within these the concepts vary greatly.
Tough love is just the right phrase: love for the rich and privileged, tough for everyone else.
It is important to bear in mind that political campaigns are designed by the same people who sell toothpaste and cars.
There is kind of a fundamental conformity, which is a virtual requirement to enter into the media.
There are all the activist groups on every imaginable topic -- solidarity groups, environmental and feminist groups -- sectors of these movements do very valuable work.
I don't feel that I have anything to say beyond moral truisms.
In the United States everyone is an illegal immigrant -- everyone except the people in Indian Reservations. This is an immigrant society.
Those who had demanded no more than an end to the bombing of North Vietnam and a commitment to negotiations saw their demands being realized, and lapsed into silence.
Everyone knows that when you look at a television ad, you do not expect to get information. You expect to see delusion and imagery.
When I was growing up in the 1930s and '40s anti-Semitism was rampant. It wasn't like Nazi Germany but it was pretty serious -- it was part of life.
I haven't read Horowitz. I didn't used to read him when he was a Stalinist, and I don't read him today.
Internal security means something. It means war against your own population.
Corporations with their political allies are waging an unrelenting class war against working people.
Even Stalin proclaimed his love for democracy. We do not learn about the nature of systems of power by listening to their rhetoric.
It seems self-evident that we should want people to be free, to be able to play an active part in making decisions about matters of concern to them, to the largest possible extent.
There was unprecedented elite condemnation of the plans to invade Iraq. Sensible analysts were able to perceive that the enterprise carried significant risks for U.S. interests, however conceived.
Human language appears to be a unique phenomenon, without significant analogue in the animal world.
The intellectual world is deeply conformist... We talk a lot about the crimes of others. When it comes to our own crimes, we are nationalists in the Orwellian sense.
South America goes its own way dramatically in international affairs.
Citizens of the democratic societies should undertake a course of intellectual self defense to protect themselves from manipulation and control, and to lay the basis for meaningful democracy.
The death penalty can be tolerated only by extreme statist reactionaries who demand a state that is so powerful that it has the right to kill.
Haiti, which has been the main target of US intervention throughout the 20th century, is the poorest. And Guatemala, which is maybe the third major target of US intervention, probably ranks third poorest.
It doesn't matter what we cover, it matters what you discover.
Farming out atrocities to paramilitaries is standard operating procedure.
When a politician uses the word 'folks,' we should brace ourselves for the deceit, or worse, that is coming.
The effort to try to present the Social Security program as if it's a major problem, that's just a hidden way of trying to undermine and destroy it.
In fact, I was in a lab that was a hundred percent funded by the Pentagon, and it was one of the centers of the organized antiwar resistance movement.
Silicon Valley wouldn't exist without massive government spending and in fact initiative.
Amusing and perfectly self-conscious charlatans.
I think there are all kinds of intrusions into private rights that make use of contemporary technology.
Propaganda is to a democracy what the bludgeon is to a totalitarian state.
Real popular culture is folk art -- coalminers' songs and so forth.
Under the worst conditions, horrendous conditions, people still, you know, fight for their rights and don't just succumb.
What the polls don't tell you is, though other polls do, is that if you do a study of CEOs, top executives in corporations, they're liberal.
It doesn't take long to become aware of the presence of the CIA in Laos.
Free institutions certainly exist, but a tradition of passivity and conformism restricts their use -- a cynic might say that this is why they continue to exist.
Israel is a pretty crazy state.
The invasion of Iraq was simply a war crime. Straight-out war crime.
I don't think that experience is a very useful or convincing attribute for a sensible foreign policy. Henry Kissinger had a lot of experience.
Julian Assange shouldn't be the subject of a grand jury hearing, he should be given a medal. He's contributing to democracy.
This Sarah Palin phenomenon is very curious. I think somebody watching us from Mars--they would think the country has gone insane.
Concentration of wealth yields concentration of political power. And concentration of political power gives rise to legislation that increases and accelerates the cycle.
Most of what is done I think is to kept secret so the public won't know. The same is true of what Wikileaks exposed.
It hardly takes more than a day in Gaza to begin to appreciate what it must be like to try to survive in the world's largest open-air prison.
The argument that resistance to the war should remain strictly nonviolent seems to me overwhelming.
Right to a speedy jury trial and so on and so forth. But what do they mean by 'person'? It certainly didn't mean individuals with flesh and blood like Native Americans who weren't persons, they don't have any rights.
The general principle is that the victors don't look at themselves or concede anything. The defeated typically have to, except when it's beneficial to the powerful for them not to.
The government of Israel doesn't like the kinds of things I say, which puts them into the same category as every other government in the world.
The new crimes that the US and Israel were committing in Gaza as 2009 opened do not fit easily into any standard category--except for the category of familiarity.
In the 1960s, there was a point, 1968, '69, when there was a very strong antiwar movement against the war in Vietnam. But it's worth remembering that the war in Vietnam started -- an outright war started in 1962.
It makes sense for Japan to pursue a more independent role in the world, following Latin America and others in freeing itself from U.S. domination.
There is massive propaganda for everyone to consume. Consumption is good for profits and consumption is good for the political establishment.
There are many terrorist states in the world, but the United States is unusual in that it is officially committed to international terrorism.
China has been there for 3,000 years, has contempt for the barbarians, is overcoming a century of domination, and simply moves on its own. It does not get intimidated when Uncle Sam shakes his fist. That's scary.
You might recall, perhaps, that we were probably the only commentators to rely on the most knowledgeable source, State Department intelligence.
I mean the reason the sit-down strikes struck such fear in the hearts of management was that they knew that a sit-down strike was just one step short of taking over the factory.
A lot of the people involved in the media are very serious, honest people, and they will tell you, and I think they are right, that they are not being forced to write anything.
A lot of the people involved in the media are very serious, honest people, and they will tell you, and I think they are right, that they are not being forced to write anything... What they don't tell you, and are maybe unaware of, is that they are allowed to write freely because their beliefs conform to the... standard doctrinal system, and then, yes, they are allowed to write freely and are not coerced.
Some of the most moving experiences I've had are just in black churches in the South, during the Civil Rights Movement, where people were getting beaten, killed, really struggling for the most elementary rights.
You have to rely on yourself and your associates -- gifts don't come from above; you're going to win them, or you won't have them.
The European reaction to Obama is a European delusion.
In general, I think, U.S. policies remain constant, going back to the Second World War. But the capacity to implement them is declining.
A functioning eco-system is a human need.
There has been a huge attack against private sector unions. Actually, that's been going on since the Second World War.
Dissident intellectuals aren't all beautiful.
Individuals in a university -- students, faculty, staff -- can choose to become politically engaged, and a free university should foster a climate in which those are natural choices.
The United States is going to continue to punish Iran because of its defiance.
What right does the US have to do anything in Colombia? Does Colombia have the right to bomb North Carolina? There are more Colombians dying from tobacco than Americans dying from heroin.
What the James Monroe Doctrine stated, in effect, is that the US should dominate the hemisphere.
There are some very general ideas that people can keep in mind; they're kind of truisms. It's only worth mentioning them because they're always denied.
The US is the wrecking machine that is destroying everything. The world is hoping that China will somehow come to the rescue.
The public is easily amenable to lies: the more lies there are, the greater the support for war. For instance, when the public was told that Saddam Hussein would attack the U.S., this increased support for the war.
The public is strongly in favor of the Kyoto Protocols, so strongly in favor that a majority of Bush voters thought that he was in favor of it. They are simply unaware.
In much of the world, there is a sense of an ultra-powerful CIA manipulating everything that happens, such as running the Arab Spring, running the Pakistani Taliban, etc. That is just nonsense.
Those of us lucky enough to have a share of privilege in the more free societies should not be asking this question, but doing something to answer it.
The term 'globalisation' is conventionally used to refer to the specific form of investor-rights integration designed by wealth and power, for their own interests.
Ever since I've had any political awareness, I've felt either alone or part of a tiny minority.
I'm no expert on pornography. The core element of it, I think, is degradation of women, whatever else goes on. I don't think it should be outlawed, but I'm not in favor of the degradation of anybody.
I once did a three-hour interview with Radio Oxford only to be told the microphone hadn't picked me up.
In fact, anyone who merits attention and who promotes any cause at all is doing so on the basis of a belief that it is somehow good for humans, because of their inherent nature.
Social action must be animated by a vision of a future society, and by explicit judgments of value concerning the character of this future society.
States are not moral agents, people are, and can impose moral standards on powerful institutions.
It takes one minute to tell a lie, and an hour to refute it.
What happened in the missile crisis in October 1962 has been prettified to make it look as if acts of courage and thoughtfulness abounded. The truth is that the whole episode was almost insane.
The more you can increase fear of drugs and crime, welfare mothers, immigrants and aliens, the more you control all the people.
Travel from what is called Pakistan to Afghanistan has been made increasingly difficult and people are often labelled terrorists, even those who might be just visiting families.
The American claim that the bombing of North Vietnam was directed against military targets does not withstand direct investigation.
The intellectual tradition is one of servility to power, and if I didn't betray it I'd be ashamed of myself.
While the state can coerce, with some exceptions (like North Korea) it seems to me misleading to think of it as capable of "enslavement.
In the 1930s, unemployed working people could anticipate that their jobs would come back.
The Soviet Union was pretty much what Lenin and Trotsky said it was.
I am opposed to the accumulation of executive power anywhere.
The idea that people should be allowed to decide something about their own fate is just anathema to European elites.
George Washington hated the guerrillas. He wanted to imitate the British red coat armies, fighting as gentlemen are supposed to fight.
The government of Rwanda, which is a US client, is intervening massively, and Uganda to an extent. It's almost an international war in Africa. Well, how many people know about this?
The first step is to penetrate the clouds of deceit and distortion and learn the truth about the world, then to organize and act to change it. That's never been impossible and never been easy.
It is, indeed, virtual dogma that the function of language is communication.
History records endless struggles to enlarge those realms, inspiring ones; it also records painful reversals and setbacks.
I have often thought that if a rational Fascist dictatorship were to exist, then it would choose the American system.
The human digestive and visual systems did clearly evolve over a very long period.
Religion is based on the idea that God is an imbecile.
It is quite possible -- overwhelmingly probable, one might guess -- that we will always learn more about human life and personality from novels than from scientific psychology.
In the universities, cheap, vulnerable labor means adjuncts and graduate students.
One of the greatest dangers is secular religion -- state worship.
The first commitment is raise your salary. One of the ways to raise your salary sometimes is to have short-term profits but there are many other ways.
Mexico is a pretty poor country, but they are maintaining a free, high quality public education system, not for everyone of course but pretty substantial.
I have been -- I have spoken in Bir Zeit a number of times.
Death and genitals are things that frighten people, and when people are frightened, they develop means of concealment and aggression. It is common sense.
If we move toward the weaponisation of space, we can bid farewell to the planet. The chances of survival are very slight.
We don't use the term 'working class' here because it's a taboo term. You're supposed to say 'middle class,' because it helps diminish the understanding that there's a class war going on.
Do you train for passing tests or do you train for creative inquiry?
For the powerful, crimes are those that others commit.
I have no Facebook page or Twitter -- I don't participate in it, and I don't like it particularly. I mean, it's a form of interaction, which strikes me as extremely superficial.
Public opinion in Egypt is very antagonistic to the way the dictatorship, Mubarak dictatorship, interpreted relations with Israel. Very antagonistic.
The process of shaping opinion, attitudes, and perceptions was termed the 'engineering of consent' by one of the founders of the modern public relations industry, Edward Bernays.
In 1949, China declared independence -- an event known in Western discourse as 'the loss of China' in the U.S. -- with bitter recriminations and conflict over who was responsible for that loss.
What's called "liberal" in the intelectual culture means highly conformist to power, but mildly critical.
Those lucky enough to qualify as "intellectuals" have their own special responsibilities, deriving from their good fortune. Among these is the task that Edward Said describes, surely an important one.
He who controls the media controls the minds of the public.
Just war theory has been converted into a form of apologetics for whatever atrocities your favored state is carrying out.
About half the population thinks that every person in Congress, including their own representative, should be thrown out. That's the center not holding.
When General Allenby conquered Jerusalem during World War I, he was hailed in the American press as Richard the Lion-Hearted, who had at last won the Crusades and driven the pagans out of the Holy Land.
The neo-cons constitute a radical reactionary fringe of the planning spectrum, but the spectrum is narrow.
The western mantra is that Israel seeks negotiations without preconditions, while the Palestinians refuse. The opposite is more accurate.
The Iranian government is undoubtedly a severe danger to its own population, but not beyond that.
Markets have built in inefficiencies, serious inefficiencies which are well known.
Presented with the claims of nineteenth-century racist anthropology, a rational person will ask two sorts of questions: 'What is the scientific status of the claims?' 'What social or ideological needs do they serve?'
I do not think psychoanalysis has a scientific basis. If we can't explain why a cockroach decides to turn left, how can we explain why a human being decides to do something?
Jingoism, racism, fear, religious fundamentalism: these are the ways of appealing to people if you're trying to organize a mass base of support for policies that are really intended to crush them.
I agree with Bill Clinton that US forces should not be sent to Haiti, but not for his reasons.
The country that consistently ranks among the highest in educational achievement is Finland. A rich country, but education is free. Germany, education is free. France, education is free.
We're now in a situation in which Capital is highly mobile and Labour is basically immobile.
For many of the world's conflicts, it is difficult even to conjure up a feasible settlement.
Free markets are based on the free circulation of labor. If you don't have free circulation of labor, you don't have free markets.
We need not stride resolutely towards catastrophe, merely because those are the marching orders.
The basic principle, rarely violated, is that what conflicts with the requirements of power and privilege does not exist.
Isaiah Berlin's observation is accurate enough, and applies at home as well, and even more harshly for the reasons already mentioned: the apparatchiks and commissars could at least plead fear in extenuation.
The people I find most impressive are generally unknown at the time of their actions and forgotten in history.
It's a shameful moment for U.S. media when it insists on being subservient to the grotesque propaganda agencies of a violent, aggressive state.
When I look at public opinion, I'm not far out of the mainstream. I'm in it, in many respects. In some respects, public opinion goes beyond anything I've ever said.
Latin America has much richer resources. You'd expect it to be far more advanced than East Asia, but it had the disadvantage of being under imperialist wings.
Donald Trump guru Steve Bannon is worse, he's much scarier. He probably knows what he's doing.
Latin America, for the first time in 500 years, is moving towards a degree of independence.
Occupying armies have responsibilities, not rights. Their primary responsibility is to withdraw as quickly and expeditiously as possible, in a manner determined by the occupied population.
The answer to subversion of democracy is more democracy, more freedom, more justice.
Ronald Reagan bitterly hated unions and wanted them destroyed. This began with the air controllers' strike and went on from there.
What can realistically be done depends on the historical moment. The same is true with regard to the agents.
The general population doesn't know what's happening, and it doesn't even know that it doesn't know.
A good education instills in you the intuitive comprehension -- it becomes unconscious and reflexive -- that you just don't think certain things, things that are threatening to power interests.
In the United States, we can do almost anything we want. It's not like Egypt, where you're going to get murdered by the security forces.
To some degree it matters who's in office, but it matters more how much pressure they're under from the public.
The Iraq War was the first conflict in western history in which an imperialist war was massively protested against before it had even been launched.
Silicon Valley benefits, as all of industry, from highly protectionist policy -- patent policies and things like that -- which come out of the government.
Democracy was regarded as entering into a crisis in the 1960s. The crisis was that large segments of the population were becoming organized and active and trying to participate in the political arena.
If humans were totally unstructured creatures, they would be... a tool which can properly be shaped by outside forces.
It's not radical Islam that worries the US -- it's independence.
My father was a great sympathizer of Ahad Ha'am. Every Friday night we would read Hebrew together, and often the reading was Ahad Ha'am's essays.
This is real. This is the real mad man theory. We have to be irrational and vindictive, so people don't know what we're up to. This is not Donald Trump and Steve Bannon, it's from the Bill Clinton era.
The intellectual is an individual with a specific public role in society that cannot be reduced simply to . . a faceless professional.
Right after 9-11, as far as I know, one newspaper in the United States had the integrity to investigate opinion in the Muslim world: the 'Wall Street Journal.'
I don't say you're self-censoring -- I'm sure you believe everything you're saying; but what I'm saying is, if you believed something different, you wouldn't be sitting where you're sitting.
If commissars in Soviet Russia agreed to subordinate themselves to state power, they could at least plead fear in extenuation. Their counterparts in more free and open societies can plead only cowardice.
Suppose I criticise Iran. What impact does that have? The only impact it has is in fortifying those who want to carry out policies I don't agree with, like bombing.
The U.S. is off the spectrum in religious commitment.
Some international law specialists compare the invasion of Iraq to the 'crimes against the peace' for which Nazi leaders were indicted at Nuremberg.
For the totalitarian mind, adherence to state propaganda does not suffice: one must display proper enthusiasm while marching in the parade.
Egypt is the second-largest recipient over a long period of U.S. military and economic aid. Israel is first.
ISIS is a monstrosity. It didn't come from nowhere. It's one of the results of the U.S. hitting a very vulnerable society -- Iraq -- with a sledgehammer.
If the NAACP were to impose a control of something towards all, then I would staunchly oppose it.
As the capacity to coerce declines, it is natural to turn to control of opinion as the basis for authority and domination -- a fundamental principle of government already emphasized by David Hume.
Everybody's worried about stopping terrorism. Well, there's a really easy way: stop participating in it.
The Great Seal was an early proclamation of 'humanitarian intervention,' to use the currently fashionable phrase.
I don't really think there have been transitional periods to socialism. There have been efforts, but they have usually been destroyed by a combination of external force and internal corruption.
Unfortunately, you can't vote the rascals out, because you never voted them in, in the first place.
There is no plausible theory under which the record of the Pentagon Papers can be interpreted as relating to the national defense.
US wars are going to be against much weaker enemies. And they have to be won quickly and decisively before a popular reaction develops.
The 'anti-globalisation movement' is the most significant proponent of globalisation -- but in the interests of people, not concentrations of state-private power.
By most accounts, Aristide is the most popular figure in Haiti.
Around 2008 and again in 2013 NATO officially offered the Ukraine the opportunity to join NATO. That's something no Russian government is ever going to accept. It's right at the geopolitical heartland of Russia.
What's important in Libya is, first of all, it has a good deal of oil. A lot of the country is unexplored; there may be a lot more. And it's very high-quality oil, so very valuable.
Changes and progress very rarely are gifts from above. They come out of struggles from below.
Civil disobedience is -- it's no fun.
It turned out that Bill Clinton had authorized Texaco to illegally ship oil to the military junta in Haiti during a time when we were supposedly opposing the military junta and supporting democracy instead.
The US health-care system is a complete scandal. It's got twice the costs of comparable countries and some of the worst outcomes.
I have written occasionally on links between my scientific work and political thinking, but not much, because the links seem to me abstract and speculative.
Anywhere in Latin America there is a potential threat of the pathology of caudillismo and it has to be guarded against.
The United States is afraid of China; it is not a military threat to anyone and is the least aggressive of all the major military powers.
How do I define God? I don't.... People who find such conceptions important for themselves have every right to frame them as they like. Personally, I don't.
The U.S. is just in a class by itself in military expenses. It basically matches the rest of the world, and it's far more advanced.
Bradley Manning has been imprisoned without charge, under torture, which is what solitary confinement is.
I hope that a move toward clemency with Judge Afiuni would be a step towards the importance of maintaining a properly functioning justice system.
Marx's early manuscripts, with their roots in the Enlightenment and Romanticism, derived fundamental concepts such as alienation from a conception of human nature -- what we would call genetically determined.
Rational discussion is useful only when there is a significant base of shared assumptions.
It also seems beyond controversy that moral responsibilities are greater to the extent that people "have the resources, the training, the facilities and opportunities to speak and act effectively.
There are many cases around the world in which the presence of UN peace-keeping forces has had a somewhat beneficial effect.
Human nature is not totally fixed, but on any realistic scale, evolutionary processes are much too slow to affect it.
Education must provide the opportunities for self-fulfillment; it can at best provide a rich and challenging environment for the individual to explore, in his own way.
I really suggest listening to talk radio. I mean, if you just listen to what the talk hosts are saying, they sound like they are lunatics.
I think a very important aspect of language has to do with the establishment of social relations and interactions. Often, this is described as communication. But that is very misleading, I think.
Libertarian socialism is properly to be regarded as the inheritor of the liberal ideals of the Enlightenment.
If you ask me whether or not I'm an atheist, I wouldn't even answer. I would first want an explanation of what it is that I'm supposed not to believe in, and I've never seen an explanation.
The developing world voice can be amplified enormously by support from the wealthy and the privileged, otherwise it's very likely to be marginalized.
If North Korea doesn't have a deterrent, they will be wiped out.
Wanton killing of innocent civilians is terrorism, not a war against terrorism.
The dangers of unexamined and unregulated monopoly power, particularly in the state executive, are hardly news. The right reaction is not passive acquiescence.
To understand how people organize social systems, we have to discover the principles that we create to make some societies intelligible.
There is no body of theory or significant body of relevant information, beyond the comprehension of the layman, which makes policy immune from criticism.
Now is not the time to look at the past. Lets look forward to the future.
Diplomats know very well that these are standard slogans for those who are engaged in serious crimes.
As you deal with more and more complex systems, it becomes harder and harder to find deep and interesting properties.
I know some really outstanding Turkish journalists, and have been pleased and honored to be able to join with them a few times in their courageous protests against state terror and repression.
In some respects, South African apartheid was more vicious than Israeli practices, and in some respects the opposite is true.
You can live within the institutions and work hard to change them.
Control is the source of strategic power.
Obama, of course, outspent McCain.
If you assume there is no hope, you guarantee there will be no hope.
If you're in a system where you must make profit in order to survive. You are compelled to ignore negative externalities, effects on others.
The list of U.S. vetoes at the Security Council to protect Israeli aggression and occupation is huge.
I think such an inquiry will reveal a rather different picture: namely, it will reveal a very strong tendency for the intellectuals who are respected and privileged to be those who subordinate themselves to power.
Greece has been, in many ways, a partially dysfunctional society. For example, the wealthy barely pay taxes... to an extent, that's true elsewhere, including the United States, but it's been pretty extreme in Greece.
We should not want to permit providers, for example to have control over access.
The Republican and Democratic Parties are only factions of the Government Party.
There's a tremendous amount of language loss. Most of the attention is given to indigenous languages, which makes sense, but some of the most dramatic language loss is in Europe.
The 'peace movement' exists only in the fantasies of the paranoid.
Freedom without opportunity is a devil's gift.
Freedom without opportunity is a devil's gift, and the refusal to provide such opportunities is criminal.
After all, the internet originated around 1960 and wasn't privatized until 1995. That's thirty five years in the public domain during the hard, creative development period.
A lot of countries break (or go against) the international law.
I don't think all thinking is a kind of rational structure. But I don't think it is correct to identify the rational-nonrational dichotomy with the linguistic-nonlinguistic dichotomy.
The U.S. has strategic and economic interests in Southeast Asia that must be secured. Holding Indochina is essential to securing these interests. Therefore, we must hold Indochina.
No matter what engineering field you're in, you learn the same basic science and mathematics. And then maybe you learn a little bit about how to apply it.
Anyone who studies declassified documents soon becomes aware that government secrecy is largely an effort to protect policy makers from scrutiny by citizens, not to protect the country from enemies.
Academics are not necessarily nice people.
If you owned everything and a tiny little piece gets out of control, then your world's gone. Like some unusual child who has a million toys and one of them is stolen, he's going to perish.
Trump's principal policies make clear what's going to happen. This gives an opportunity. Right now it's going to take hard work, but it's possible that there could be a real revival of the labor movement.
'Reform' is a word you always aughta' watch out for. 'Reform' is a change that you're supposed to like. And watch it -- As soon as you hear the word 'Reform', you should reach for your wallet and see who's lifting it.
Turkey must find its place if, of course, it can heal its internal sores, and none is more malignant than the perennial Kurdish issue.
It's a mistake to suppose that capacities must evolve gradually. There are many known examples of sharp changes -- slight genetic modification that yields substantial phenotypic effects, and much else.
For 500 years, since European explorers came, Latin American countries had been separated from one another. They had very limited relations. Integration is a prerequisite for independence.
I didn't pay my taxes for years.
About specific social issues, there is a great deal to say that departs very far from truism and is, accordingly, significant and controversial.
Violence can succeed, as Americans know well from the conquest of the national territory. But at terrible cost. It can also provoke violence in response, and often does.
I don't pay a lot of attention to polls.
In November 2007, the White House issued a Declaration of Principles demanding that U.S. forces must remain indefinitely in Iraq and committing Iraq to privilege American investors.
The beauty of our system is that it isolates everybody. Each person is sitting alone in front of the tube, you know. It's very hard to have ideas or thoughts under those circumstances. You can't fight the world alone.
Francisco Franco said they should resort to guerrilla war. Which has a history in Spain.